Sultan Mahmud committed the worst type of crime by polluting the holy places, demolishing temples, disregarding the deities and even violating the chastity of innocent women. God cannot tolerate such a heinous crime for a long time under any circumstances.
For the quarter of a century Lord Almighty offered time to the Hindus for making
preparations, being united, and then teaching a good lesson to the enemies of their religion. But when the Hindus failed to perform the duty even after such a long time, the Almighty began to exhibit His divine power for punishing both the types of offenders viz. the Muslim invaders who committed the crime directly, and the Hindus who tolerated such a crime. The wrath of the Almighty fell partially upon Sultan Mahmud, just
after his invasion of Somnath. When after demolishing the temples and plundering the
properties, the Sultan was returning through the forests of Gujarat, Lord Somnath instilled an idea into the mind of the Rajputs and Jats for attacking the enemies at the rears. This attack was so successful that major portion of the Sultan’s army was destroyed, several thousands were taken captives, all the Hindu prisoners were set at liberty, and entire booty was recovered. The Sultan managed to flee away
in disguise with a very small number of his followers for receiving the next installments of his punishment. Details about this misfortune of the Sultan as recorded in different Persian books are quoted by Kanailal Manickchand Munsi in his ‘Glory that was Gurjaradesha.’ Pandit Jawharlal Nehru also has referred to this fact in his ‘Discovery of India’. We, therefore do not like to add any more on this point. Last days of Sultan Mahmud also were not pleasing to him.
He had all along been suffering from a mental agony, because of growing enmity
between his two sons viz. Masud and Muhammad, who were fighting for the throne.
Under such circumstances, the Sultan on a certain occasion expressed his distress to
Muhammad Ufi, the author of ‘Jamiul Hikayat’ in the following language.
“Masud is a proud fellow and thinks there is nobody better than himself. Muhammad is
stout of heart, generous, and fearless, and if Masud indulges in pleasures, wine, and the
like, Muhammad outdoes him. He has no control over himself, has no apprehension of
Masud, and is needless of the important concerns of life. I fear I find but little “Masud is a proud fellow and thinks there is nobody better than himself. Muhammad is stout of heart, generous, and fearless, and if Masud indulges in pleasures, wine, and the like, Muhammad outdoes him. He has no control over himself, has no apprehension of
Masud, and is needless of the important concerns of life. I fear I find but little satisfaction in the thought of Muhammad succeeding me; for woe to him at the hands of Masud, who will devour him, and woe also to the generals of my army, for Masud is a very covetous man and has great love of money”.
But the aforesaid punishments were not sufficient to the worst type of sinners. Hence
we find the exhibition of divine wrath with such more vigour in the following years. Sultan Mahmud died in 1030 A.D., and with his death the entire army of the empire was divided into two groups each fighting against the other, causing the death of innumerable warriors, especially of those who took part in Indian invasions. Afterwards Masud occupied the throne by killing his brother and destroying his entire army. But this also was not adequate.
Three years after his father’s death the new Sultan Masud in A.D. 1033 sent an army for
capturing the city of Varanasi and demolishing the temples founded therein. The Hindus failed to make a united attack upon the invaders, and the sacred city fell to the enemies. But this time Lord Vishvanath neither forgave His unworthy followers nor the criminal invaders. The fury of the Lord appeared in the form of a great drought, followed by a severe famine and devastating pestilence. Though the Lord’s wrath exhibited
its full vigour in Ghazni, Persia, Turkestan, and the adjoining countries inhabited by the sinners,the Hindus of India who tolerated the insult of their gods and violation of chastity of their women also were not spared. According to the contemporary historian Abul Fazl Al Baihaki this draught depopulated a few provinces of Persia, and in Ispahan about more than forty thousand person died in a single month.
As the people of Ghazni were responsible for the major portion of crime, God’s wrath
fell upon them with greater vigour. When a considerable number of sinners died of
drought, famine and pestilence in Ghazni and its neighbouring provinces, Lord Almighty sent another peril for punishing the remaining sinners. It was a devastating flood an equal of which was never found in the history of Ghazni. This flood did not stop until all the ornaments of the Hindu deities plundered by Sultan Mahmud during his different invasions were swept away. How dreadful and devastating this inundation had been, may be known to some extent from its following description recorded by Abul Fazl Al Baihaki in his ‘Tarikhus Subuktigin’.
“At the time of afternoon prayers the bridge was in such a state as no one ever remembered and when about one watch of the night had passed, such a flood came that the oldest inhabitants agreed that they had never seen the like. Many trees, torn up by the roofs, came rushing down towards the bridge. The cattle and the mules endeavoured to save their lives, but the flood carried many of them down : and as the waterway of the bridge was narrow, it was impossible that trees and animals together could pass through it at the same time. They filled up the arches, so that even the water could not escape through them. Then the water rose over the roadway, and carried away everything,
like a dispersed army, and entering the Bazars reached as far as the Bankers’ quarters, and did a great deal of injury.
What the great force of water more than anything else was, that it carried away the bridge from its foundations, with all its shops. It carried away many caravan serais in its way, destroying the bazars, and came rushing in a flood against the old fort, which stood then as it stood before the time of Yakub Lais, whose brother Umru built this city and fort of Ghaznin”.What the great force of water more than anything else was, that it carried away the bridge from its foundations, with all its shops. It carried away many caravan serais in its way, destroying the bazars, and came rushing in a flood against
the old fort, which stood then as it stood before the time of Yakub Lais, whose brother Umru built this city and fort of Ghaznin”.
While the war of succession was going on between the two sons of Sultan Mahmud, one
of them sought help from the Indian Hindus, who readily agreed, and took part in the
offensive wars killing the Muslim warriors of Ghazni in large numbers. One Hindu chief
Shivananda by name destroyed a whole Muslim division, and during the war that followed he himself also along with his troops was slain. This happened only 50 days after Mahmud’s death.
Three years after Mahmud’s death his army under the command of Ahmad Nialtigin
committed a heinous crime by polluting several temples of Varanasi, and was so cursed by Lord Vishvanath that within two years from the date Nialtigin was declared a traitor by the Sultan himself, and was slain along with his entire army by the Hindu warriors under the leadership of a hero named Tilak. In the above way all the criminals who showed disrespect to the Hindu gods and goddesses were severely punished in
the eleventh century A.D.